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​Tasmanian military records

A soldiers detail from HobartonFind records on the defence forces and Tasmania in times of war. See also more about Tasmania and World War I .

What is online?

Boer War and World War 1 records

What else is there?

Boer WarMembers of Penguin's Boer War Contingent 

Tasmania sent eight contingents with 36 Officers and 821 men to South Africa.

The Commonwealth became responsible for defence after federation.

World War 1

Civil Defence Legion 1939-1945

Some useful records include:

See also these Tasmanian diaries and notebooks in Launceston (LMSS) and Hobart (NS).

World War 2 and Beyond

See the National Archives . Diaries, reminiscences and an interesting collection of private records.

Some published library resources

Notes

British Regiments 1803-1870

Military pensioners

  • Military pensioners came to Tasmania in the late 1840s, often as guards on convict ships
  • Pensioners received a grant of 5 acres near a town in return for being available for service at short notice.
  • The most used records are the returns filed in the records of the Colonial Secretary’s Office. They are sorted by ship arrival dates (see correspondence files, above). Details include the name, age and religion of the pensioner, whether a wife arrived, and the sex and ages of any children.

Defence forces of Tasmania 1824-1901

  • The Colonial (later Chief Secretary’s) Departments contain most accounts of Tasmania’s military
    • For the period 1824-1874 search headings such as “ military”, “batteries”,  “artillery”, “gunpowder”.
    • For later times, try terms such as “torpedo” and “defence” etc.
  • In the late 1850s a volunteer movement began in Tasmania. A Corp started in Hobart in 1859 and another in Launceston in June 1860.
  • In 1885 the Defence Act repealed all previous ‘Volunteer’ Acts.  Col. H Barnard commanded a reserve force  of four companies in Hobart and one in Launceston.
  • After the last British regiment left in 1870, the colonies were responsible for their own defence.
  • Colonial military force administration passed to the Commonwealth in 1901, following Federation.

Related5 soldiers with their horses

  • The Soldier Settlement Scheme is a complex set of records beyond the scope of this brief guide. See the records of the Closer Settlement Board (TA372) and Agricultural Bank of Tasmania (TA53).

What is available from other organisations?

Boer War and World War 1 records

The National Archives of Australia has many personnel dossiers online